It is the intent of this Annual Notice and policy to inform both the parent(s)/guardian(s) and eligible children (i.e. students 18 and older) of their rights relevant to their privacy rights in the collection, maintenance, release and destruction of these records as required by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 20 U.S.C. ‘1232g. 34 C.F.R. part 99 and federal guidelines. Annual notice of this policy is given on the District’s website, handed out at Information Day, in building parent/student handbooks and hard copies are available in the main office of the Elementary School and Middle/High School
Clairton City School District
Required Annual Notices
Each school district, along with other public agencies in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, must establish and implement procedures to identify, locate and evaluate all children who need special education programs and services because of the child's disability. This notice is to help find these children, to offer assistance to parents, and to describe the parents’ rights with regard to confidentiality of information that will be obtained during this process. The content of this notice has been written in English. If a person does not understand any of this notice, please contact the school district (see contacts at the end of this notice) and request a copy of the document in the preferred language.
Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals:
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) eliminated the Highly Qualified Teacher (HQT) requirements beginning with the 2016-17 school year. However, Pennsylvania certification and staffing policies, statutes, and regulations remain in effect, and the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) is required to ensure that all teachers and paraprofessionals in schools receiving federal funding fulfill state certification and licensure requirements.
In the beginning of the 2019-2020 school year, all but two teachers at Clairton City School District met or exceeded the required for appropriate state certification. These two staff members are in the processing of completing their certification for teaching students that are English Learners. Both are on track to be fully certified by December of 2019. Also, in the beginning of 2019-2020 school year, 100% of all paraeducators have met the highly qualified criteria. Our staff is committed to helping your child develop the academic knowledge and critical thinking he/she needs to succeed in school and beyond. That commitment includes making sure that all of our teachers and paraprofessionals meet applicable Pennsylvania state requirements.
Parents’ and Families’ Right to Know:
As a parent, guardian or family member of a student attending a school that is receiving Federal Title I dollars, you have the right to know the professional qualifications of the teacher(s) and instructional paraprofessional(s) who instruct your child. Federal law requires every Title I school district to comply and to provide you with the requested information in a timely manner. We are happy to provide this information to you. At any time, you may ask:
• Whether the teacher met state qualifications and certification requirements for the grade level and subject he/she is teaching, • Whether the teacher received an emergency or conditional certificate through which state qualifications were waived, and
• What undergraduate or graduate degrees the teacher holds, including graduate certificates and additional degrees, and major(s) or area(s) of concentration.
You may also ask whether your child receives help from a paraprofessional. If your child receives this assistance, we can provide you with information about the paraprofessional’s qualifications.
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) which was signed into law in December 2015 and reauthorizes the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1956 (ESEA) includes additionally right to know requests. At any time, parents and family members can request:
• Information on policies regarding student participation in assessments and procedures for opting out, and
• Information on required assessments that include:
- Subject matter tested,
- Purpose of the test,
- Source of the requirement (if applicable),
- Amount of time it takes students to complete the test, and
- Time and format of disseminating results.
As stipulated in the No Child Left Behind Act, parents/guardians may request information regarding the professional qualifications of their child’s classroom teacher(s). Specifically, individuals have the right to ask for the following information:
- Whether the student’s teacher has met state qualifying and licensing criteria for the grade level or subject he/she is teaching;
- Whether the teacher is teaching under emergency or other provisional status;
- The teacher’s college major, the baccalaureate degree, and/or any advanced degrees earned by the teacher;
- Whether the child is provided services by paraprofessionals and, if so, their qualifications.
To obtain this information, please submit your request in writing to Dr. Ginny Hunt, Superintendent, who oversees teacher/paraeducator certifications/qualifications. Each request should include the child’s name, his/her teachers’ names and the school he/she attends. Please be certain to include your name, address and a telephone number at which you can be contacted during the day. Clairton City School District
Attn: Dr. Ginny Hunt, Superintendent
501 Mitchell Avenue
Clairton, PA 15025
412-233-7090, Ext. 2200
Clairton City School District’s Annual Child Find Notice and Student Records Notice
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) is a federal law that affords parents the right to have access to their children’s education records, the right to seek to have the records amended, and the right to have some control over the disclosure of personally identifiable information from the education records. When a student turns 18 years old, or enters a postsecondary institution at any age, the rights under FERPA transfer from the parents to the student (“eligible student”). The FERPA statute is found at 20 U.S.C. § 1232g and the FERPA regulations are found at 34 CFR Part 99.
It is the intent of this Annual Notice and policy to inform both the parent(s)/guardian(s) and eligible children (i.e. students 18 and older) of their rights relevant to their privacy rights in the collection, maintenance, release and destruction of these records as required by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), 20 U.S.C. ‘1232g. 34 C.F.R. part 99 and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Annual notice of this policy is given on the District’s website, handed out at Information Day, in building parent/student handbooks and hard copies are available in the main office of the Elementary School and Middle/High School.
The different categories of information maintained by the school district are as follows; educational and health records, personally identifiable information and directory information. Information known as directory information can be released without consent. Parents may opt out of this by requesting in writing to the school principal that some or all directory information not be released. In addition, photographs and/or videos may be used in newspaper articles highlighting various school activities or television coverage of school events. If you do not wish your child to be photographed or videotaped for these purposes, you must inform the district in writing.
Education Records include records directly related to a student that are maintained by the Clairton City School District. The Educational Records of the District may include all of the following (this list is not intended to be exhaustive): grades, standardized test results, student evaluation reports, samples of student work, records transferred from sending schools, discipline records, medical records and any other records created and maintained by the school district directly related to the student. Educational records do not include communications with legal counsel that are attorney client privileged. Educational Records do not include records maintained solely by the creator for their personal use, not shared with others. Personal observation of students is not considered to be an educational record. The contents of a student’s educational file shall be determined by the District unless a specific parental request is made or a complaint is made, consistent with this Notice.
The District shall permit the parent/guardian(s) of a student or an eligible special education student, who is or has been in attendance in the District, to inspect and review the education records of the student upon written request. The District will comply with a written request to review records within a reasonable period of time (never to exceed 45 calendar days from the date of written request) after the request has been made. When there are special cases and where necessary, a parental request to review records will be granted and arranged as soon as possible. Visits to review a student’s records shall be arranged and facilitated by the building principal or designee, or any party selected by the District, for the purposes of security and assistance in explaining or interpreting the data.
The right to inspect and review education records includes:
- The right to a response from the District to reasonable requests made in writing, for explanation and interpretations of the record; and
- The right to obtain copies of records from the District where failure of the District to provide the copies would effectively prevent a parent or eligible student from exercising the right to inspect and review the educational records (e.g. where the parent lives too far to come review the records personally). A reasonable fee of $0.25 will be charged per page for duplicate copies of documents already provided to parents/guardians.
In accordance with FERPA, the District will not produce or compile documentation that does not already exist.
It is presumed by the District that both natural parent/guardian(s) of a student have authority to inspect and review the education records of the student at the school in the child’s attendance area (main office) by appointment unless there is evidence that there is a legally binding instrument, or a State law or court order governing such matters as divorce, separation or custody, which provides to the contrary. A District designee will sit with the parent when the parent reviews the records in a private conference area of the main office.
Under federal law, parental consent is not required for the release of Directory information, which is the information contained in an education record of a student that would not generally be considered harmful or an invasion of privacy if disclosed.
The District designates the following as Directory Information means: information contained in an education record of a student that would not generally be considered harmful or an invasion of privacy if disclosed.
- Directory information includes, but is not limited to, the student’s name; address; telephone listing; electronic mail address; photograph; date and place of birth; major field of study; grade level; enrollment status (e.g., undergraduate or graduate, full-time or part-time); dates of attendance; participation in officially recognized activities and sports; weight and height of members of athletic teams; degrees, honors and awards received; and the most recent educational agency or institution attended.
- Directory information does not include a student’s:
- Social security number; or
- Student identification (ID) number, except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section.
c) Directory information includes a student ID number, user ID, or other unique personal identifier used by the student
for purposes of accessing or communicating in electronic systems, but only if the identifier cannot be used to gain
access to education records except when used in conjunction with one or more factors that authenticate the user’s
identity, such as a personal identification number (PIN), password, or other factor known or possessed only by the
A written record of this information, or microfilm copy of the same, including grade level completed and year completed, may be maintained at least 100 years after a student attains age 21. A parent/guardian or eligible student may notify the District in writing of their refusal to allow the District to release directory information without prior consent. Such written refusal for consent must be sent to Mrs. Sara Hoffman, Supervisor of Special Education, 501 Waddell Avenue, Clairton, PA 15025.
Pursuant to Section 9528 of the No Child Left Behind Act, the District is required to release student directory information (access to names, addresses, and phone numbers of high school juniors and seniors) to military recruiters and college admissions officers. The No Child Left Behind law requires high schools to release information to colleges or other higher learning institutions upon request. Any parent/guardian or student who has reached age eighteen may notify the District in writing of their refusal for this information to be released. Letters seeking the withholding of information to military recruiters should be sent to: Mrs. Maureen Shaw, Guidance Counselor, 501 Waddell Avenue, Clairton, PA 15025.
Per federal guidance, student medical records, maintained by the nurses’ office, are considered educational records and will be shared with staff who the district determines have a legitimate educational interest in the information and a need to know medical information to protect the safety and health of the student. Once provided to the District, specific parental consent will not be sought to share information on a need to know basis. Parental requests to maintain the confidentiality of specific medical information must be made in writing to the nurse’s office. Requests for complete confidentiality of medical information will be granted at the discretion of the nurse. These requests will be granted unless dangerous to the student.
If the agency reported a crime committed by a student with a disability, the district will ensure that copies of the special education records and disciplinary records of the student will be transmitted properly and only to the extent possible that the transmission is permitted by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act.
The District shall obtain the written consent of the parent(s)/guardian(s) of a student age eighteen before disclosing personally identifiable information, other than directory information, from the education records of a student to a third party. Consent is not required where the disclosure is to the parent/guardian(s) of a student who is not an eligible student or the student himself or herself.
Personally Identifiable Information
The term includes, but is not limited to ---
- The student’s name;
- The name of the student’s parent or other family members;
- The address of the student or student’s family;
- A personal identifier, such as the student’s social security number, student number, or biometric record;
- Other indirect identifiers, such as the student’s date of birth, place of birth, and mother’s maiden name;
- Other information that, alone or in combination, is linked or linkable to a specific student that would allow a reasonable person in the school community, who does not have personal knowledge of the relevant circumstances, to identify the student with reasonable certainty; or
- Information requested by a person who the educational agency or institution reasonably believes knows the identity of the student to whom the education record relates.
Uses of Personally Identifiable Information:
The district may disclose personally identifiable from the education records of a student without written consent of the parent/guardian(s) or the student or the eligible student in several situations. See 34 C.F.R. Part 99. Some important examples of when no consent to release information include (list not exhaustive):
- To other school officials, including teachers, guidance counselors, nurses, and Intermediate Units (I.U.) personnel within the District who have been determined by the District to have legitimate educational interests or are providing instruction or services to students. The District has determined that all school employees involved in the direct supervision of a student (academic or non-academic) (including support staff) have a legitimate educational interest in academic and health related student information if the information is necessary to ensure appropriate fulfillment of their professional duties and to ensure the health and safety of the student.
- To officials of another school or school system or post-secondary schools in which the student seeks or intends to enroll, subject to the requirements set forth in 99.34. Parents may request a copy of the record sent.
- To appropriate parties in a health or safety emergency, subject to the conditions set and 99.36, if knowledge of the information is necessary to protect the health or safety of the student or other individuals.
- To authorized representatives of the U.S. Comptroller General, the U.S. Attorney General, the U.S. Secretary of Education, or State and local educational authorities, such as the State educational agency in the parent or eligible student’s State (SEA). Disclosures under this provision may be made, subject to the requirement of 99.35, in connection with an audit or evaluation of Federal or State supported education programs, or for the enforcement of or compliance with Federal legal requirements that relate to those programs. These entities may make further disclosures of PII to outside agencies that are designated by them as their authorized representatives to conduct any audit, evaluation or enforcement or compliance activity on their behalf.
- Information designated by the District as Directory Information.
- Generally, schools must have written permission from the parent/guardian or eligible student in order to release any information from a student's education record. However, FERPA allows schools to disclose those records, without consent, to the following parties or under the following conditions (34 CFR § 99.31):
- Specified officials for audit and evaluation purposes
- Appropriate parties in connection with financial aid to a student
- Organizations conducting studies for or on behalf of the school
- Accrediting organizations
- To comply with a judicial order or lawfully issued subpoena
- State and local authorities, within the juvenile justice system, pursuant to specific state law
- Contracted, consultant, volunteer, or other party to whom an agency or institution has outsourced institutional services or functions may be considered a school official under this paragraph---
(1) Performs an institutional service or function for which the agency or institution would otherwise use employees;
(2) Is under the direct control of the agency or institution with respect to the use and maintenance of education records; and
(3) Is subject to the requirements of §99.33 (a) governing the use and redisclosure of personally identifiable information from education records.
- (ii) An educational agency or institution must use reasonable methods to ensure that school officials obtain access to only those education records in which they have legitimate educational interests. An educational agency or institution that does not use physical or technological access controls must ensure that its administrative policy for controlling access to education records is effective and that it remains in compliance with the legitimate educational interest requirement.
When providing records to authorized third parties, the District will make a reasonable attempt to notify the parent/guardian(s) of the student or the eligible student of the transfer of the records at the last known address of the parent(s)/guardian(s) or eligible student. Per state law, the District will not provide any notice of transfer of records of a student to a school in which a student seeks or intends to enroll.
The District maintains student records in a locked storage room located at Clairton City High School in the special education office. This storage room contains special education student records, gifted education student records, student health records, 504 Student Service Plan records, etc. All district records of students (K-12) who were evaluated by the school psychologist(s) and found not to be non-exceptional are kept and are secured in the special education office. All records are kept in a secure location and access to files is limited.
PLEASE NOTE: CLAIRTON CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT’S SCHOOL BOARD POLICY 216 PROVIDES RESIDENT STUDENTS AND THEIR PARENTS WITH NOTICE THAT THE DISTRICT MAY DESTROY RECORDS UNDER THE FOLLOWING CIRCUMSTANCES AND TIMELINES:
- Records that include a student’s name, address, grades, attendance records, classes attended, grade level completed and year completed may be destroyed once 100 years have passed since the student’s 24th birthday.
- Special Education records, Section 504 records, Instructional Support Team (IST) records, and health records may be destroyed once 10 years have passed from the date a student has graduated or reached graduation age (if exiting the district before graduation) as long as there is no outstanding request to inspect and review the records and the records are no longer deemed useful to the school district.
- Notice of destruction of these records is provided annually via this publication. Educational records of a student are no longer needed by the District to provide educational services at the end of one year following a student’s graduation from the District. A parent/guardian may submit a written request for the destruction of all education records at that time.
- Destruction will proceed where parents or eligible students have not requested copies by November 1st of the year the records may be destroyed as per paragraphs A&B above. Parents or students over eighteen have the right to request a copy of their record before destruction.
Parents are reminded that copies of the records might be needed for the acquisition of Social Security benefits or for other purposes.
Amendment of Education Records
A Parent/guardian or eligible student has the right to request amendment of a student’s educational file if it is believed that any information is inaccurate, or in violation of a student’s rights. The educational agency shall decide within a reasonable time whether to amend the record. If the school district decides not to amend the educational record, it shall notify the parent/student of the right to and arrange an informal hearing. The hearing will be conducted by an official of the District without an interest in the outcome, who will be either the Assistant Superintendent of Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment or their designee. The parent may present relevant evidence. The District will issue a written decision based on the hearing. Informal inquiries may be sent to: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com. The website address is: www.ed.gov/policy/gen/guide/fpcd
Complaints regarding violation of rights accorded parent(s)/guardian(s) and eligible students with respect to student records are to be submitted in writing to: Dr. Ginny L Hunt, Superintendent, Clairton City School District, 502 Mitchell Avenue, Clairton, PA 15025. All complaints will be investigated and responded to in writing within a reasonable period of time. If complaints cannot be satisfactorily resolved by the District, complaints can be filed with the following:
Family Policy Compliance Office
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, D.C. 20202-4605
Questions regarding the above information or requests for a copy of the records policy may be referred to:
Mrs. Sara Hoffman, Supervisor of Special Education
Clairton City School District
501 Waddell Avenue
Clairton, PA 15025
firstname.lastname@example.org / (412) 233-9200, EXT 1162
Screening and Evaluation
The Clairton City School District employs the following procedures for locating, identifying and evaluating the needs of school age students who may require special education programs and/or services. These procedures, as required by state regulation, are as follows:
As prescribed by Section 1402 of the Pennsylvania school code, the district routinely conducts health screenings for kindergarten (K) through 12th grade students and new students without history of recent exams: Vision (Gr. K-12); Hearing (Gr. K, 3, 7 and 11 and any student with a known history of hearing loss); Mandated Physical Exams (Gr. K, 6, and 11); Dental Screenings (Gr. K, 1, 3, and 7); Scoliosis Screening (Gr. 6, 7) and Body Mass Index (BMI) screening (Gr. K-12). Also, school nurses provide vision and hearing screenings for students who are referred for an evaluation or re-evaluation regarding Chapter 14/Individualized Education Plan (IEP) special education services and Chapter 15/504 Student Services Plan accommodations.
Speech and language skills are screened in kindergarten and on a referral basis by speech clinicians. Gross-motor and fine-motor skills, academic and social-emotional skills are assessed by the teachers and support staff. Screening activities include: review of group-based data such as cumulative enrollment and health records, report cards and academic skills scores. Identified needs from these screening sources, as well as information obtained from parents and outside agencies, is assessed, noted within the student’s record and discussed with parents.
Clairton City School District has intervention/prevention teams in place to support students as a pre-referral system. At the elementary school (K-5), a child study team, known as ESAP, has been established as part of the pre-referral intervention process. The team consists of principals, social worker, regular education teachers, special education teachers, speech therapist and school psychologist. The ESAP Team assists teachers and parents with supporting students who are experiencing academic, behavioral, medical, emotional and social skills difficulties.
Students receive a minimum of 45 minutes of core instruction (Tier I) in Reading using Journeys and Mathematics with Bridges in Mathematics, along with a 45-minute period of intervention/enrichment (Tier II) for both content areas. Teachers provide multiple opportunities for students to have access to a variety of texts with much time devoted to reading during the literacy block. Fluency groups provide students the opportunity to partner read and work in small groups with the teachers. Bridges Mathematics is aligned to Common Core and provides an interactive approach with a major emphasis on number sense and the use of manipulatives. Students also receive at least a 45-minute period of instruction for English Language Arts (Writing, Grammar, and Spelling). Clairton Elementary has adopted Lucy Calkins’ Units of Studies for Teaching Argument, Informational and Narrative Writing using Writing Workshop.
Clairton Elementary also has a multi-faceted system in place to provide Tiered Interventions to students in Kindergarten – 5th grade. Flexible intervention groups are created periodically when teachers meet during grade-level PLC meetings. Groups are based on data, and allow teachers to meet the needs of individual students. Students in Kindergarten-2nd grade receive daily reading intervention using Saxon Phonics. Waterford Early Learning in Reading, Mathematics, and Science is also used daily in Kindergarten-2nd grade classrooms. Title I Paraprofessionals, one per grade level, are available for students in Kindergarten-5th grade to provide targeted Tier II intervention for students needing Strategic Intervention in small groups for reading and/or mathematics. A Reading Tutor is also employed to provide Intensive Intervention. A Reading Specialist coordinates all supplemental instruction provided for by the Title I Paraprofessionals and Reading Tutor using a multitude of research-based interventions. Read Naturally, Rewards, Step-by-Step, and Sonday are just a few of the programs being utilized for targeted intervention.
Students are assessed a minimum of three times per year using a variety of benchmark assessments. Students in 3rd-8th grade take assessments at least three times per year that are aligned to the PSSA assessments in Mathematics and English Language Arts. Data is analyzed regularly by teachers in grade-level Professional Learning Communities for Benchmark Assessments, as well as formative and classroom assessments. Progress monitoring continues throughout the year and groups are adjusted as needed after data is reviewed by grade level teams.
Clairton City School District began offering Clairton Achieves in the fall of 2014. All teachers in the district, K-12, provide additional targeted instruction to small groups of students every Tuesday and Wednesday from 2:50-3:30 p.m. Teachers are able to extend the school day for students who need additional intervention on a specific skill, can work with students in small groups, provide prescriptive programming via computer, or allow students time to make up missed assignments. The district also began offering an afternoon meal to all students in the district in the fall of 2015 directly after school on Monday-Thursday. The program is now offered five days per week.
Clairton Middle School (grades 6-8) provide a 90-minute block of reading instruction focusing on increasing vocabulary development, fluency, and comprehension of students before they enter the high school. Instruction is broken down into a 45-minutes of core instruction (Tier I) and 45-minutes of targeted intervention (Tier II). Students are provided with direct instruction for unpacking complex text, strategies for close reading, analysis of literature, as well as opportunities to develop a lifelong love of reading. In addition, students are also provided a 90-minute block of math instruction.
Students taking the Keystones Exams in grades 9-11 are provided intervention through proficiency courses during the year and a Keystone Camp during the summer. Data from the Keystone Exams, CDTs, as well as assessments developed through OnHand Schools are used to assist the Interventionist as to strengths and weaknesses of groups as well as well as individual students. Additional intervention may be made available to students as a push-in support during content-area instruction or as a pull-out resource for small group intervention during the regular school day. Students may also receive additional help after school during Clairton Achieves.
In Clairton Middle School/High School, the Student Assistance Teams (SAP) provides additional support used by the district to identify at-risk students. SAP teams are currently in place in all levels in the district (K-12). SAP is a cooperative effort with parents in utilizing the support staff, students, and community through contracted services with Turtle Creek Valley. It is a proactive prevention/intervention program that attempts to provide intervention before school performance is seriously compromised. The SAP Core Team of individuals are trained in the SAP Model and focus on screening/intervention for students who may be experiencing drug and alcohol, depression, and/or family issues, referrals to appropriate agencies or treatment facilities, aftercare for those returning from treatment, and crisis intervention as needed.
In addition, Clairton City School District offers support to the students and the community through the School Based Behavioral Health Team. This program is implemented in grades K-12 and continues in the 2019-2020 school year. This is a collaboration between Community Care Behavioral Health Services, the Allegheny County Office of Behavioral Health and Clairton City School District. This program will provide students with intensive behavioral health needs, individual, and family support. Students will be referred to this program through ESAP and SAP.
If it is determined that a student is in need of further evaluation, the student is referred for a multidisciplinary team (MDT) evaluation, which requires parent permission and includes parent input. Next, a “Permission To Evaluate - Consent Form” is issued to the parent to sign giving the school district permission to conduct the evaluation. The school district has 60 calendar days from the receipt date to complete the evaluation. After the evaluation is completed, an evaluation report is prepared which includes specific recommendations for the types of interventions necessary to meet the needs of the student and to determine the child’s eligibility for special education services based upon a disability.
When the evaluation report is completed, parents are invited, if necessary, to a multidisciplinary team meeting to review findings and plan for the student’s needs. After the MDT evaluation is completed, the parents are given a NOREP, which they sign to indicate their agreement or disagreement with the recommendation.
Parents of students who suspect that their child has a disability and is in need of special education may request an Intervention Team meeting or multidisciplinary team evaluation of their child through a written request to the building principal or Supervisor of Special Education.
Services for Pre-School Children
Act 212, the Early Intervention Services System Act, entitles all preschool children with disabilities to appropriate early intervention services. Young children experiencing developmental delays or physical or mental disabilities and their families are eligible for early intervention services including screening, evaluation, individualized education program planning and provision of appropriate programs and services. Potential signs of developmental delay and other risk factors that could indicate disabilities and the possibility that a child is an “eligible young child” could include:
- By the age of 3: not saying many words; not using 2 or 3 word phrases and sentences; not walking; awkward gait (walking); drooling; not answering “show” or “what” questions; and/or not using utensils to feed self;
- By age of 4 (all of the above included): not toilet trained; difficulty with directional words (in, on, under, out); not playing with other children, not able to draw a circle, cross or imitate a vertical line; not able to understand the child’s speech most of the time; difficulty following simple two-step directions (e.g., pick up the paper and put it in the garbage;
- By the age of 5 (all of the above included): unable to answer “where” questions; unable to recall details from a story; not drawing a person with at least 6 parts; immature speech patterns (me instead of I), not able to hop forward with one foot without support;
- Other warning signs at any age: little or no eye contact, over/under sensitivities to pain, light, noise; hand flapping; no awareness of space (always bumping into other people or things); awkward hand or foot positioning; won’t touch or eat certain textures; child no longer can do things he/she used to do; developed normally, then stopped; echoes what is said; plays with toys inappropriately (e.g., watches wheels spin on the car, but does not play with the car).
- Center for Disease Control Links of additional indicators and milestones for parents:
Districts must ensure that all students transitioning from early intervention programs to kindergarten or first grade programs within the District are transitioned without disruption of services. Parents of children entering school age programs are notified of the District’s Transition activities, which occur before kindergarten registration of each year. The District secures permission to evaluate, conducts an evaluation, and develops an Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP)/Individualized Education Program (IEP) in accordance with the timelines required by state mandates.
You may find information regarding the appropriate developmental milestone descriptors for infants and toddlers at the Center for Disease Control (CDC) website: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/ActEarly/default.htm For additional information regarding the signs of developmental delays, please contact Mrs. Sara Hoffman, Supervisor of Special Education at (412) 233-9200, Ext. 1162 / email@example.com or Ms. Kimberly Marcus, School Psychologist/504 Plan Coordinator at 412-233-9200, Ext. 1161 / firstname.lastname@example.org.
Services for School Age Students with Disabilities or Mental Giftedness
The Clairton City School District provides a free, appropriate public education to students with disabilities or mental giftedness according to state and federal rules. To be eligible, the child must:
- Be of school age.
- Have a disability or mental giftedness and be in need of specially designed instruction.
- Meet eligibility criteria for one or more of the following physical or mental disabilities as set forth in the Pennsylvania State Standards: autism, deaf-blindness, blindness, visual impairment, emotional disturbance, specific learning disability, other health impairment, traumatic brain injury, and speech/language impairment, orthopedic impairment, hearing impairment, deafness, multiple disabilities or mental retardation.
Services designed to meet the needs of eligible disabled students include:
- The annual development of an individualized education program (IEP or Gifted IEP).
- A triennial multidisciplinary re-evaluation for students with disabilities (except for those students with mental retardation where evaluation remains biennial).
- A range of supports for students from itinerant level to supplemental level to full time level special education support within the school district or placement in a full-time special education disabilities class outside of the regular school.
The extent of special education services for disabled or mentally gifted students and the location for the delivery of such services are determined by the parents and the district staff at the IEP team meeting and are based on the student’s identified needs and abilities, chronological age and the level of intensity of the specified intervention. The school district also provides related services, such as transportation, physical therapy, occupational therapy and assistive technology if they are required to enable the student with disabilities to derive educational benefits.
- Prior to initiation of services, parents of a student with disabilities are presented a “Notice of Recommended Educational Placement/Prior Written Notice” (NOREP) and parents of a mentally gifted student with a “Notice of Recommended Assignment” (NORA) with which they agree or disagree. If parents agree to the program outlined by the multidisciplinary team and the parent signs either the NOREP or NORA, then the program is implemented for their child. If parents disagree with the program being recommended, they have the right to request IEP facilitation, mediation and/or a due process hearing. Parents are issued their “Procedural Safeguards” which outlines in detail their legal rights as a parent of a child identified as having a disability or considered mental gifted. Lastly, if a child proves to have a disability or handicapping condition under PA Chapter 15 and the American Disabilities Act and it is determined the child is entitled to services and accommodations that are necessary to enable them access and safety when participating in programs and activities of the school, then a 504 Student Services Plan is outlined between the parent, district LEA and district staff. Parents are also given “Procedural Safeguards” for Chapter 15 504 Student Services Plans which outlines their rights as a parent of a student who has a disability and requires accommodations.
Detailed information regarding Chapter 14 special education, Chapter 16 gifted education and Chapter 15 504 Service Plan/Agreement procedures and services may be obtained by calling the Special Education Department at Clairton City School District, (412) 233-9200, ext. 1160.
Services for Students in Nonpublic Schools
Public school education may be accessible to resident students attending nonpublic schools on a dual enrollment basis in a special education program operated in a public school. A multidisciplinary evaluation which determines the child’s eligibility for services must be conducted and, if eligible, an individualized education program plan (IEP) is developed. Parents of nonpublic school students who suspect that their child is disabled and in need of special education may request a multidisciplinary evaluation of their child through a written request to the building principal or Supervisor of Special Education.
Services for Protected Handicapped Students
The school district will provide to each protected handicapped student without discrimination or cost to the student or family those related aids, services or accommodations which are needed to provide equal opportunity to participate in and obtain the benefits of school programs and extracurricular activities to the extent appropriate to the student’s abilities. To qualify as a protected handicapped student, the child must be of school age with a physical or mental handicap which substantially limits or prohibits participation in or access to an aspect of the school program.
Services for protected handicapped students are distinct from those applicable to disabled students enrolled in special education programs. Protected handicapped students fall under Pennsylvania’s Chapter 15, sometimes known by its federal name, Section 504 (of the 1973 Rehabilitation Act). In contrast, students with disabilities who qualify for special education services are covered by regulations contained in Pennsylvania’s Chapter 14. While both Chapter 14 and 15 provide services to students, there are technical differences between the two. Additional information about evaluation procedures and provision of services to protected handicapped students is available by contacting the Special Education Department.
Services for Preschool Age Children
Act 212, the Early Intervention Systems Act, entitles all preschool age children with disabilities to appropriate intervention services. Young children experiencing developmental delay or physical or mental disabilities are eligible for early intervention services if it is determined that they meet eligibility requirements.
The Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare is responsible for providing services to infants and toddlers, defined as children from birth to three years of age. Contact the Early Learning Institute, 2510 Baldwick Road, Pittsburgh, PA, 15205-4104, (412) 922-8322.
The Pennsylvania Department of Education is responsible for providing services to preschool age children from ages three through five. Contact the Allegheny Intermediate Unit, Project DART, 425 East Waterfront Drive, Homestead, PA 15120, (412) 394-5941.
Confidentiality of Student Records
The privacy rights of parents and students are mandated by federal legislation known as the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA - C.F.R. Part 99), most recently amended in November 1996, state regulations (Chapter 14-Special Education Services and Programs, Chapter 12-Student Rights and Responsibilities) and district policy.
CLAIRTON CITY SCHOOL DISTRICT: SURROGATE PARENT PROCEDURE
Federal law establishes the right of a free and appropriate public education for all children with disabilities. To ensure that this right is realized, certain procedures are written into the laws to ensure that children with disabilities who are wards of the state, or whose parents are unknown, unavailable, or have had their parental rights legally terminated, have appropriate representation when educational programming decisions are made. This is provided, in Pennsylvania, by the Intermediate Unit who is responsible for the recruitment, training, and assignment of volunteer surrogate parents who represent the child during the educational process.
IDENTIFICATION OF ELIGIBLE CHILDREN
Children with disabilities receiving a free and appropriate program of education in a public school, or an approved private school, who meet one of the following criteria, are eligible for the assignment of a qualified surrogate parent:
- The child is a ward of the state, or
- The child’s parent(s) or guardian(s) are unknown or unavailable (this includes preschool as well as school-aged children).
QUALIFICATION FOR SURROGATE PARENTS
Surrogate parents must meet the following qualifications:
- Be a person of good character;
- Be at least 18 years of age;
- Possess reasonable abilities to make decisions regarding a child's educational needs;
- Be willing to acquaint themselves with the child's educational needs and with the special education system in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania;
- Have no vested interest that would conflict with the primary allegiance to the child they are representing. The surrogate parent should not be an employee of the agency responsible for the care of the child;
- Foster parents may be considered if they meet all other qualifications;
- Have Act 33 and Act 34 clearances from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania;
- Be willing to complete a training program conducted by the AIU.
RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE SURROGATE PARENT
The surrogate parent is expected to act in place of a parent concerning the educational program for the student. This involves:
- Attending a planning conference to develop an individualized educational program
- Being familiar with appropriate procedures for due process and confidentiality of school records
- Receiving and responding to requests and notices concerning the evaluation and/or educational placement of the assigned student
- Becoming familiar with the unique educational needs of the assigned student
The surrogate parent takes on certain quasi-legal responsibilities in order to serve the best interests of the child. The primary function is to represent the student during circumstances in which decisions are made concerning the student's educational program or placement.
It is necessary for the surrogate parent to receive considerable training to familiarize himself or herself with all aspects of the surrogate parent role. The demands of the role may be extensive and require the volunteer to make a significant commitment of time and learning in order to serve the best interest of the child.
1. Any professional staff member who determines that a student’s parent(s) appear unavailable or unknown and does not have an appointed guardian will inform the Supervisor of Special Education.
2. The Supervisor of Special Education will conduct the appropriate investigations and make a determination as to whether the parent(s) is/are unknown or unavailable.
3. The Supervisor of Special Education will complete an application form for obtaining a Surrogate Parent submitted to the Surrogate Parent Coordinator of the Allegheny Intermediate Unit. This form will identify the legal status of the child in need of a surrogate parent and other basic demographic and personal information.
4. The AIU Surrogate Parent Coordinator will assign a trained, qualified and available surrogate parent to the child. If no such qualified surrogate parent is available, the Surrogate Parent Coordinator will work with the Clairton City School District to recruit qualified persons.
If you are interested in being a surrogate parent for a child/youth with disabilities, please contact one of the following individuals at Clairton City School District:
- Mrs. Sara Hoffman, Supervisor of Special Education (412) 233-9200, ext. 1162 or email@example.com
- Mrs. Kimberly Marcus, School Psychologist (412) 233-9200, ext. 1161 or firstname.lastname@example.org
English as a Second Language Services (ESL)
In accordance with federal law and state regulations, the Clairton City School District must identify all students who have “limited English proficiency” (LEP). These students typically have a primary language other than English that is used in their homes. Students identified with a limited English proficiency are eligible for ESL instructional services to help them attain proficient skills in their use of the written and spoken English language.
All students must have a Home Language Survey completed by their parents prior to admission into the school district. This survey allows the Clairton City School District to identify possible LEP students. Our ESL teacher will screen any student identified as possibly having a limited English proficiency and will provide direct services to students based on their level of need.
Parents or guardians who feel that their child may have a limited English proficiency should contact Mrs. Sara Hoffman, Supervisor of Special Education, at (412) 233-9200, ext. 1162 / email@example.com.
Title I Performance Report
Clairton City School District receives Title I funds annually and is operated as a school-wide program. In the 2017-2018 school year, 100% of the Clairton City School District faculty met the No Child Left Behind Standards for highly qualified teachers. A highly qualified teacher, according to the United States Department of Education, is fully certified, has a bachelor’s degree, a content area major and has passed a content area test. In addition, fully certified teachers in Pennsylvania have completed pedagogical course work in education, including student teaching. We take pride in the tremendous skill and dedication of our faculty and staff.
Please note that, as parents, you have a right to request and receive timely information regarding the professional qualifications of your child’s classroom teacher. If you have any questions about our Title I Program or about your child’s teacher, please feel free to contact the respective building to speak to an administrator.
Middle/High School Office (412) 233-9200, ext. 1250
Elementary School Office (412) 233-9200, ext. 1050
The Title I Parent/Family Engagement Policy can be found on the website and in the Student Handbook.
If you have any questions regarding the information found within this document, please feel free to contact the following individuals at (412) 233-9200. Extension numbers are indicated below:
Dr. Ginny Hunt Sara Hoffman
Superintendent Special Education Supervisor/ESL Coordinator
Ext. 2200 Ext. 1162 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Erica Gambino Kimberly Marcus
Special Education Secretary School Psychologist/504 Coordinator
Ext. 1160 Ext. 1161